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Textiles and Clothing Hall

home Exhibition Regular Exhibition Textiles and Clothing Hall

This exhibition hall features a diverse array of artifacts and information relating to the history of clothing, one of life’s basic necessities. The displayed items range from ancient times to the present, and highlight the regional characteristics of Daegu, which evolved into a modern city thanks in large part to its thriving textile industry. Visitors are guided through four thematic stages in the production of clothing—threads, textiles, colors, and clothing—thus allowing them to appreciate the beauty of traditional Korean clothing and to examine various designs.

Korea

From Thread to Fabric

Directly Linked to Facilities

  • Bone Needles and Implements, Spindle Whorls, Thread, Tool with Hole, Weight

Duration

It is presumed that at some point in the very remote past, people began using animal hide or bark to make clothes. However, we do not know exactly when people started using thread or making clothes with it. Eventually, a spinning wheel was used to make threads, and with the emergence of weaving, people could start making cloth. It is possible that hand looms were invented on the Korea Peninsula around the 5th century AD, as they are depicted in the Goguryeo mural painting in Maxian-gou No.1 tomb, Jian, Jilin Province, China. Weaving accessories, such as reeds and spools, dating back to the 2nd century BC have also been unearthed from the historic site in Sinchang-dong, Gwangju.

Featured Items

Direct link to 50 featured items

  1. Bone Needles and Implements Bone Needles and Implements
  2. Spindle Whorls Spindle Whorls
  3. Thread Thread
  4. Tool with Hole Tool with Hole
  5. Weight Weight

Korea

Official Attire

Directly Linked to Facilities

  • Yanggwan, Men’s Ceremonial Hat, Jobok, Official Ceremonial Robe, Husu, Ornamental Back Sash for Ceremonial Robe

Duration

During the Joseon period, the types and colors of the official robes worn by government officials were determined by their status and the occasion on which they were required to wear them. There were three types of official robes: the jobok was worn on a celebratory occasion, at the announcement of a royal edict or on other important state occasions; the jebok, whose color and accessories differed from those of the jobok, was worn at the performance of a sacrificial ritual to the spirits of the deceased royal ancestors; and the sangbok was worn during the performance of one’s daily duties.

Featured Items

Direct link to 50 featured items

  1. Jobok, Official Ceremonial Robe Jobok, Official Ceremonial Robe
  2. Husu, Ornamental Back Sash for Ceremonial Robe Husu, Ornamental Back Sash for Ceremonial Robe
  3. Yanggwan, Men’s Ceremonial Hat Yanggwan, Men’s Ceremonial Hat

Korea

Royal Attire for Special Occasions

Directly Linked to Facilities

  • Red Dragon Robe for Men, Dragon Insignia for Royal Family, Pattern for Empress's Ceremonial Robe, Prince Regent Heungseon’s Insignia with Imaginary Creature

Duration

Royal clothes are designed to display the wearer’s dignity and authority as well as enhance their beauty. The royal robes of Korea were sometimes provided by China, and were an important part of the royal family culture. An institution known as the Sanguiwon was responsible for providing the everyday articles and clothes used by the royal family. The institution comprised a needlework section, an embroidery section, and a yarning section. Royal clothes may be viewed as artworks that display the best skills and materials of the period.

Featured Items

Direct link to 50 featured items

  1. Prince Regent Heungseon’s Insignia with Imaginary Creature Prince Regent Heungseon’s Insignia with Imaginary Creature
  2. Pattern for Empress's Ceremonial Robe Pattern for Empress's Ceremonial Robe
  3. Dragon Insignia for Royal Family Dragon Insignia for Royal Family
  4. Red Dragon Robe for Men Red Dragon Robe for Men

Korea

Wedding Attire

Directly Linked to Facilities

  • Embroidered Silk Ribbon for Bride, Jinjuseon, Fan for Bride, Hwarot, Bridal Robe

Duration

Getting married was regarded as the most important ceremony in one’s life. During the Joseon period, commoners could only wear a designated type of clothing, but they were allowed to wear the royal court’s mode of dress on their wedding day. Generally, the bridegroom wore a blue dress with a U-necked lapel, while the bride wore a red ceremonial dress. The use of the colors blue and red symbolized the harmony between yin and yang, bridegroom and bride.

Featured Items

Direct link to 50 featured items

  1. Hwarot, Bridal Robe Hwarot, Bridal Robe
  2. Jinjuseon, Fan for Bride Jinjuseon, Fan for Bride
  3. Embroidered Silk Ribbon for Bride Embroidered Silk Ribbon for Bride

Korea

Gentlemen’s Attire

Directly Linked to Facilities

  • Coat with Pleats for Men, Hairpins for Men·Headband buttons, Hairband and  Hairband Attachment for Men

Duration

n olden times, it was thought that men’s outward appearance was not a matter of simple ornamentation but an expression of their inner mind. Diverse types of outer garments were worn to suit different occasions. Even at home, gentlemen dressed in the proper attire until they went to bed. Different types of hats were worn with different garments. The various types of everyday clothes included cheollik (an official uniform for military officers), jingnyeong (an official uniform for military officers, with wide sleeves and stiff lapels), dopo (full-dress attire), changui (daily clothes worn by government officials, and durumagi (an outer coat), dapho and jeonbok (without sleeves).

Featured Items

Direct link to 50 featured items

  1. Coat with Pleats for Men Coat with Pleats for Men
  2. Hairpins for Men·Headband buttons Hairpins for Men·Headband buttons
  3. Hairband and Hairband Attachment for Men Hairband and  Hairband Attachment for Men

Korea

Clothes Unearthed from Ancient Tombs

Directly Linked to Facilities

  • Gwak Ju’s Letters, Long Coat for women, Shoes for shroud

Duration

During the Joseon period, it was customary to fill the space in the coffin with clothes of the deceased’s family members. The quality and quantity of such clothes displayed the family’s wealth and social status. Such clothes are collected when relocating the tombs of a member of a noble family. Their coffins were sealed with lime to prevent the corpse and the clothes from decaying.

Featured Items

Direct link to 50 featured items

  1. Long Coat for women Long Coat for women
  2. Gwak Ju’s Letters Gwak Ju’s Letters
  3. Shoes for shroud Shoes for shroud

Korea

First Birthday

Directly Linked to Facilities

  • Kkachidurumagi, Children’s Ceremonial Coat, Children’s Headgear, Doltti, Belt for a Child's First Birthday

Duration

In Korea, parents hold a special birthday party on the occasion of their child’s first birthday. Traditionally, the child would be dressed in brightly colored clothes, with the sleeves of the jacket adorned with the five basic colors. Boys wore trousers, girls a long skirt. A durumagi (an outer coat) was also worn. The headgear worn by boys was called a hogeon or bokgeon, and that worn by girls, a jobawi.

Featured Items

Direct link to 50 featured items

  1. Kkachidurumagi, Children’s Ceremonial Coat Kkachidurumagi, Children’s Ceremonial Coat
  2. Children’s Headgear Children’s Headgear
  3. Doltti, Belt for a Child's First Birthday Doltti, Belt for a Child's First Birthday

Asia

Dyeing Techniques and Clothing Patterns in Asia

Directly Linked to Facilities

  • Fabric, Ikat Shawl, Sari, Wrapping Clothe for Women

Duration

Dyeing techniques and clothing patterns differ from country to country, depending on the natural environment, the climate, and people’s characteristics. Ethnic minorities in China and Thailand developed unique skills of textile dyeing, including a technique whereby patterns are expressed by exploiting the difference in the speed at which dyeing materials are absorbed into a fabric by means of wax or fastened threads.

Featured Items

Direct link to 50 featured items

  1. Fabric Fabric
  2. Ikat Shawl Ikat Shawl
  3. Sari, Wrapping Clothe for Women Sari, Wrapping Clothe for Women

Asia

Traditional Clothing of Asia

Directly Linked to Facilities

  • Ceremonial Coronet, Miao Woman’s Ensemble, Wedding Dress

Duration

Each country has its own traditional or folk dress that has developed over a long period of time. However, with the spread of European culture throughout the world, western attire has been adopted as the world’s universal mode of dress. Asians wear their own traditional clothing only on special occasions.

Featured Items

Direct link to 50 featured items

  1. Wedding Dress Wedding Dress
  2. Miao Woman’s Ensemble Miao Woman’s Ensemble
  3. Ceremonial Coronet Ceremonial Coronet

Zenana props

Gyubang, the Craft of Hand Sewing

Directly Linked to Facilities

  • Zenana props

Duration

In Korea, the seven basic items used in sewing (i.e. needle, ruler, scissors, small iron, larger iron, thread, and thimble) have long been regarded as essential items for every housewife. Simple though they may seem, the skills of cloth cutting, sewing, and embroidery require many years of apprenticeship and experience. The ladies’ living room was a place where young girls learned how to make clothes or run the household economy from their mother and grandmother.

Featured Items

Direct link to 50 featured items

  1. Five-coloerd Pouch Five-coloerd Pouch
  2. Medicine Pouch Medicine Pouch
  3. Embroidered Sidepiece of Pillow Embroidered Sidepiece of Pillow